Periodontal disease, also know as gum disease, is an inflammatory condition involving soft tissues in the mouth round the teeth. This disease can proceed and cause serious problems for the jaw bone, and it is the leading cause for tooth loss among adults. Teeth can even begin to loosen, become painful, and eventually fall out.
Periodontal disease is caused by plaque, the film of bacteria that develops on your teeth. Bacteria release toxins which irritate and inflame the gums. When plague is not removed daily by brushing and flossing it hardens to tarter which can only be removed during a professional dental cleaning. Early signs of this disease can be bleeding, tender gums, and constant bad breath.